It is my pleasure to welcome you all to the 2017 World Youth Economic Forum. Year after year,this conference continues to be an extraordinary platform upon which hundreds of young adults from all across the globe can join together and seek answers to the largest economic issues of today. I extend my congratulations to each delegate for participating in such a conference, and it is my hope that you will walk away from this experience with a fresh global perspective,unforgettable memories, and a newfound passion for leadership.
The theme of the 2017 WYEF is “The Paradox of Our Times.” As technology continues to advance, the world is moving at a faster pace than ever; communication, transactions, and decisions can all occur in a blink of an eye. We have an unprecedented ability to make real change, yet somehow, we seem to have lost a sense of direction. Things move so rapidly that the easiest option is often to simply submit to the status quo. This paradox is an overarching dilemma that has become engrained in every facet of our lives, but I believe that solutions can be found in the study of economics. Whether you will be discussing healthcare, housing, or journalism during the conference, I challenge you to resist the temptation to remain complacent and to question and to confront the issues of the modern day. How can the global community determine a direction for the future by learning from the past? How can we regain control in the midst of chaos?
I have no doubt that in your preparation for and participation in the World Youth Economic Forum, you will be enriched by open and insightful discussion, newfound knowledge, and of course, interactions with young visionaries from all around the world. It is my hope, however, that the conference’s impacts will extend well beyond its duration and will truly inspire each of you to take what you’ve learned and enact real change. I look forward to seeing you all in Shanghai.
|1. 呼唤新领袖：企业家如何在贫富加速分化的世界肩负社会责任？||The world is changing faster than ever, and over the past decade an unprecedented growth in entrepreneurship has developed globally. Entrepreneurship, defined as the creation of new and valuable products and companies without regard to resources, has led to the creation of notable companies such as Alibaba, TOMS Shoes, and many others. As these companies attempt to strike a balance between gaining profits and providing social good, a new, crucial question arises: To what degree do companies that strive to be both socially good and profitable fail in accomplishing one or the other. This committee will analyze what it takes to build a socially aware company in a world of increasing inequality.||2. 难民危机：人类道义与经济发展的挑战？||According to the United Nations, there are an estimated 65 million refugees currently displaced around the world. There are more refugees in 2017 than after World War 2 or at any point in record history. Our committee will look at the economic implications of conflict, forced migration, and specifically, the market impact of refugee integration on the host country labor market. Students will engage in simulations that take into account perspectives from all sides of this issue, including domestic workers, political leaders, international NGOs, and the refugees themselves. Our committee will teach delegates an exciting mix of economics, international human rights law, and history.|
|3. 中美医疗体制比较：基本权利、精英特权还是政府义务？||The focus of this Committee is health care insecurity. We will begin by analyzing the insurance and healthcare systems in China and the US. We will examine how different systems contribute to or attenuate economic imbalances, health outcomes, and levels of violence, education, and happiness. We will also brainstorm ideas and actions that might alleviate the adverse consequences faced by those of lower socioeconomic status, specifically by investigating why specific parts of the world have especially good or poor health outcomes. Lastly, we will explore the manners in which residents attempt to escape their health care or insurance systems.||4. 摇摇欲坠的无冕之王：信息爆炸时代传统新闻媒体路在何方？||The world of journalism has changed drastically within the last several decades. With the advent of television, the Internet, and social media, the lens through which all of us view the world has become increasingly reliant upon modern tools and ideas. Journalism has been forced to keep up, but for an art so rooted in tradition, the transition has been riddled with challenges. During the conference, we will seek answers to the pressing questions that face the world of journalism today. In a world of free information, how does journalism stand its ground as a source of truth? How can journalism filter cultural and societal biases in order to facilitate a more cohesive global community? We will take a hands-on approach to uncovering answers to these questions and simultaneously provide real-time coverage of the conference itself. All this and much more will be explored in this committee Journalism and the Media.|
|5. 盛世危言：繁荣时代的全球食物危机||As the world’s population rapidly expands, this growth exerts new and unparalleled demands on global food supplies. Food scarcity provides the potential for malnutrition, starvation, and conflicts over limited resources. In this committee, delegates face the complex challenge of combatting hunger and ensuring food security while promoting environmental sustainability, health, and economic development. Committee members will engage with real-world examples facing policymakers, and must contend with the various interests at hand as they seek innovative and effective approaches to achieving food security.||6. 黑客帝国还是天下大同：人工智能引领下的人类未来？||Human workers are feeling the pinch as machines learn new tricks. In a 2016 report, the White House predicted that automation and artificial intelligence technology will lead to millions of lost jobs. At the same time, this technology promises productivity increases that will fuel economic growth. Technology breakthroughs have also historically created jobs, sometimes by launching entire new industries.
But is this time different? Are machines getting so intelligent and powerful that only a shrinking number of workers will remain relevant? Join us as we discuss the changes that we are about to see and the policies that are called for in the age of automation.
|7. 人口老龄化：社会发展的成就与经济增长的困扰？||From 1940 to 2010, the median age worldwide skyrocketed from 28 to 40 years old. By 2050, this figure is expected to be 44 years old. The social, political and economic implications this trend has for nations worldwide, especially those with generous social welfare programs, is of deep concern. Many nations, especially several in Europe (i.e. Denmark) and eastern Asia (i.e. Japan) are already seeing problems arise due to their ever increasingly aging populations. This committee will examine several case studies to analyze some of the ways the issue is being redressed in order to develop a better understanding of what possible tools are available for countries who may not already be facing this issue now, but who soon enough, may find themselves with this problem.||8. 鱼与熊掌可否兼得：经济发展与环境保护的案例学习？||Does economic development always come at the cost of environmental degradation? Economic theory argues that as nations transform from agrarian to industrial, growth is typically accompanied by rising environmental concerns. Indonesia provides but one case study of this tradeoff. In Indonesia, palm oil is king. Found in nearly 50% of all household products, palm oil is demanded worldwide, and palm oil plantations bring employment and development to rural communities. However, creating such plantations requires massive deforestation. How can developing nations like Indonesia, balance economic gain and environmental protection?|
|9. 传统地缘政治下的经济内涵：国际关系决策新模式||International Relations and Economics have long been closely interconnected in the globalized economic environment. Simply, the international arena does not allow countries to ignore their geopolitical interests when they make economic decisions and vice versa.
This committee will provide delegates with theoretical frameworks as a lens to fuel their arguments. By examining several case studies, we will analyze the importance of economics as an instrument in international relations as well as how international relations influence the economic decision-making. Subsequently, we will apply this acquired knowledge through simulations, where country-teams will practice the formulation and implementation of strategy by navigating political, economic, and diplomatic challenges. Simulations will focus on the interactions between countries (for example, interactions between the United States, China, and Russia over the coming decade).
|10. 高科技产业的未来：改变世界梦想背后的隐患、混乱与希望？||Facebook’s, and in truth all of Silicon Valley’s unofficial motto is “move fast and break things”. The tech industry has done both in spades. In less than 20 years, technology companies driven by an unprecedented influx of venture capital have upended the global economy. Tech companies now make up four of the top five largest public companies. Silicon Valley has changed the language of investment, from words like fundamentals and revenue to ideas like unicorns and hockey-stick growth. This committee will look at what the role of the tech industry will be in the next 20 years. Can it continue its seemingly-limitless growth, or will venture capital and technology come crashing back to earth? How will former lean and scrappy startups adapt to their new role as corporate behemoths, just like those they claimed to disrupt? What will happen to all those whose way of life has been disrupted, never to return?|
|11. 模拟法庭：保险纠纷||今年的中文模拟法庭将围绕一起保险诉讼案件展开。在当今社会生活中，保险扮演着举足轻重的角色，保险能够在最大程度避免风险的发生。在理论层面，与其他契约法相比，尤其是民事法，保险契约更需要被重视。在实践层面，我们将以模拟法庭的形式，介绍中美等国的庭审形式。各代表将根据己方立场进行呵护法庭规则的辩论，从而深入讨论案件的争议焦点，体会模拟法庭的魅力。||12. 赢在中国：模拟商业竞赛（2017 全国总决赛）||Under the simulated business environment, companies are given different challenges to solve. Top 3 teams from different region simulations come together striving for the best performing company. The one who earns the most eventually is the winner team over the year!|
|13. 赢在中国：模拟商业竞赛（全球邀请赛）||This Business Simulation is tailored to the students who want to gain the basic understandings of business and trade. Compared to the senior version, our elementary business simulation aims to help the aspiring business leaders and entrepreneurs of tomorrow grasp a better logistical and strategic understanding of how to run a business instead of the detailed tactics of business competition. Our future business leaders would create and make decisions on every aspect of their business from their company culture to their production needs. ASDAN always believes that “how” we learn is as important as “what” we learn and having fun is as important as learning. Without much training, this business simulation encourages you to proactively get involved in running the business and enjoy the pleasure during the learning process.|
|Elizabeth Liu is a rising junior studying Economics and Computer Science at Yale University. She's an involved member of the Yale Daily News in which she serves as the Account Executive Manager of the Business Team. During her free time, she enjoys playing board games with friends, experimenting in the kitchen, and hitting the gym to work off those extra calories. This will be her second time to serve as a Director of the WYEF, and she can't wait to see what this year's conference will have in store.||
|Matthew Keating is a rising sophomore at Harvard College, studying Government and East Asian Studies. Originally from the Washington, D.C area, Matthew has had a life long passion for politics and international relations. At Harvard he’s heavily involved with the Institute of Politics and works at both Harvard Law and the Kennedy School of Government, researching the intersection of foreign policy, national security, and negotiation theory. He’s previously worked in the United States Senate and on several local, state, and national political campaigns focusing on youth engagement. In his free time, he coordinates for several nonprofits that help refugees and asylum seekers flee persecution and integrate into their adoptive communities.|
|My name is Sukriti Mohan, and I’m a recent college graduate of Yale University, as well as a Master of Public Health candidate at the Yale School of Public Health. In my hometown of Memphis, as well as in New Haven, I’ve seen firsthand the dramatic effects that socioeconomic disparities, flawed legislation, and corruption within the for-profit sector have on health outcomes. Consequently, I’m interested in the intersection of health and policy on both the domestic and international level. I was a WYEF Director last summer, so this will be my second visit to Shanghai! I’m thrilled to get to spend more time exploring this city, its culture, and most importantly, its people.||
|Joel Bervell is a recent graduate of Yale University studying Molecular Cellular Developmental Biology on the pre-med track. Originally from the rainy city of Seattle, Joel developed a love of entrepreneurship, leadership and service throughout his time in high school. His desire for service stems from a connection to his parent’s homeland of Ghana, West Africa which has inspired him to use his privileges to give back.
At Yale, Joel continued his passion for service as Task Force Director on the Executive Committee of Yale College Council, Vice President of the Yale Leadership Institute, and co-director of an after school mentoring program called the Jones Zimmerman Academic Mentoring Program. Over his summers, Joel has had the opportunity to intern at Google in their business development department, the Urban Institute in their health policy department, and Howard University Hospital in orthopedic surgery.
Joel is looking forward to entering medical school in the future and pursuing in MD/ MBA to combine his interests in medicine and business.
|Adira Levine was awarded the Paul Mellon Fellowship to the University of Cambridge, where she is completing a Master's in Public Policy (MPP). Previously, she graduated from Yale University with a bachelor's degree in political science. As an undergraduate, Adira presided over a student-led think tank, worked as a research assistant, and competed for Yale's parliamentary debate team, the top parliamentary team in the United States. She has led and moderated Model UN committees for international high school and college students in several countries, including at the Yale Model Government Europe (YMGE) conference in Budapest, Hungary.||
|Lionel Jin is a junior at Yale majoring in Molecular Biology and Computer Science. He served as Platoon Commander in the Singapore Armed Forces, leading his team of fifty men to perform security operations. At Yale, he is Editor-in-Chief of Yale Scientific Magazine, Vice-President of the Leadership Institute, and Treasurer of European Horizons. Lionel enjoys playing the violin, loves watching musicals, and is always down to travel new places.|
|By the time WYEC commences, Leo Espinoza will have graduated from Yale with a degree in political science. During his time there, Leo was involved with YIRA, which is the Yale International Relations Association; the Urban Improvement Corps, which tutors students from under-served schools in New Haven; and as an instructor with the Financial Literacy and Justice Task Force, running training courses about financial topics for high school kids. Beyond his extracurricular involvements, Leo also enjoys taking road trips with friends, traveling, and being in the outdoors.||
|My name is Sejal Vallabh and I am a senior at Yale majoring in Economics and East Asian Studies. My WYEF committee is inspired by research I conducted in Indonesia on the economic and environmental impacts of the palm oil industry. At Yale, you can find me jogging with the Yale Club Running team, baking cakes for a student-run coffee shop, or working on my double dating app! I am thrilled to be directing a committee at WYEF 2017.|
|Vojislav Mitrovic is a 3rd-year student at Princeton University majoring in economics and minoring in political economy, finance, and diplomacy. He is originally from Serbia, and he played water polo for the Serbian national team for 7 years. He is currently the captain of the men's water polo team; a residential advisor, where he fosters an inclusive and engaging community for all students; an executive director of the Princeton's student-run yearbook agency, where he developed a business where he now leads 50+ student employees with a projected profit of $300k (it employed 6 students with a turnover of -$20k to $50k). He is also a member of the Priorities Committee of Princeton University that is an advisory board to the President of the University. It reviews the operating budget of the University and plans for its development with the Executive Vice President, the Treasurer, and 6 faculty members. Outside of his extracurricular activities, he enjoys traveling, going out and spending time with his friends.||
|Michael Fine is a rising sophomore at Harvard University, concentrating in Computer Science and Government. At school, when he’s not studying he chairs Harvard Model Congress and works with the Harvard Computer Society. Michael likes to pretend that he’s a renaissance man, having hiked the Pacific Crest Trail, attended cooking school, and coded for the Clinton campaign. In his free time Michael can be found obsessively refreshing Politico or binge-watching West world.|
First session: Delegates will receive a broad introduction into their committee topics. Directors will begin with a presentation that puts their committee topic in a global context, and introduce historical context and background information relevant to the case. Delegates will also gain a working knowledge of the key terms and concepts necessary to join an informed discussion on the topic. Directors are encouraged to begin the committee with icebreakers to make delegates more comfortable.
Second session: The Director will create a "Speakers' List". Each delegate will be given time to present his/her role in the committee and position on the current topic. Directors will elaborate on each of the roles as he/she sees fit and introduce different organizational structures and coalitions, thus providing a theoretical framework for the case study to follow.
Third & Fourth session: Directors will also introduce the case study in this session. The rest of the conference will aim to tackle the case and devise a solution. Delegates will divide into coalitions according to their assigned roles, and draft a comprehensive agreement or policy recommendation, known as a "White Paper." Directors may choose different committee formats to facilitate debate and discussion while delegates are developing their White Papers.
Fifth session: Students will present their White Papers in front of the entire committee. Time may be allotted for a brief questions and answers session.
Sixth session: If all presentations have finished, Directors may use the remaining time to debrief on the progress of the conference and play concluding games.